A Place for Teaching Grammar? Analysing Challenges in Developing Grammatical Knowledge for ESL and Non-traditional Students at University

Andrew Kelly


In the wake of the massification of higher education in the 21st century, universities worldwide are under pressure to support the influx of non-native English-speaking students and students from non-traditional backgrounds; both of which can find it quite challenging to communicate effectively in an academic context. These students typically struggle with academic writing, due at least in part to limited opportunities to develop their grammatical awareness and written expression while studying at university. This article analyses why universities and their respective teaching staff are reluctant to offer more direct assistance with grammar problems to students, even though doing so can assist student understanding of correct form, develop their communication skills, and, over time, increase their general confidence in participating in academic debate. It points specifically to a lack of grammatical knowledge amongst lecturers and tutors—as well as time constraints for instructors and students—as key reasons why developing grammatical knowledge does not receive the attention it deserves in university classrooms and feedback practices. While university teachers should not be expected to dedicate significant amounts of time to correcting grammar and instead focus on meaning and understanding, this article proposes embedding discipline focused grammar-based activities into relevant sections of curricula and delivering relevant professional development seminars to university teaching staff can improve student retention, communication, and future employment prospects.


grammar, academic writing, non-traditional students, ESL students, higher education

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